Cut pile is created when the loops that result from weaving are cut to the same height and allowed to slightly tuft, giving the carpet a dense, soft appearance. Cut pile carpet represents the largest share of the residential market and comes in four primary subcategories:
Saxony – Saxony (or plush) is what probably comes to mind when you think of carpet — all those thousands of perfectly even, solid colored strands of fiber standing at attention like a freshly cut lawn. This is the stuff that’s thick and soft and shows footprints and vacuum lines. You probably had it “wall to wall” when you were growing up.
Textured Saxony – If you don’t require that freshly mown look to your carpet, then Textured is the way to go. Because it’s twisted differently than Saxony and steamed to create a permanent curl, this product is called trackless as you will see less foot traffic and reduces light reflectivity so it won’t show footprints. Textured carpet is more casual than plush and it will show far less wear and tear than other styles. Some Textured Saxony are Multi-Colored some are solid Colors
Frieze – (also known as a short shag) This cut pile offers a tighter “twist” than the Textured style. The yarn actually curls over, creating a very durable and elegant product that hides footprints and vacuum lines.